Yesterday, the Supreme Court said that Muslim ban opponents have to start over, with new challenges to the latest ban starting in federal district courts and working their way back up to the Supreme Court. Several such challenges have already been filed – more tomorrow, with a round-up of coverage of this latest development. For now, here’s an initial report from the Washington Post.
With a new set of demands/’principles’ announced by Trump this weekend, what’s going to happen with the Dream Act and with DACA? What new legislation is being proposed, and what impact would it have on immigrants and their families? Right now, it’s difficult to tell who will back which version of DACA/Dreamer legislation – with or without a path to citizenship, with a shorter path or with a longer path, with or without prohibitions on ever petitioning for family reunification. Meanwhile, in the larger immigration legislation debate, the border wall looms large, and the Trump administration also proposes to end most paths to family reunification, which it is now demonizing as “chain migration.”
Immigration legislation: DACA, Dream Act, and more
As the immigration debate ramps up, here are the leading bills already pending in Congress (Los Angeles Times, 10/9/17) DREAM Act, RAC Act, Succeed Act, Bridge Act, Raise Act. Border Security for America Act, and more – here’s the list and descriptions of each.
“It all comes down to a game of political chicken, in which both Republicans and Democrats are trying to demonstrate that they have leverage in negotiations over a legislative fix for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program — the Obama-era immigration order that President Donald Trump’s administration has already begun sunsetting and plans to finally end in March.”
Stephen Miller stayed in the shadows to torpedo his boss’ immigration deal (The Daily Beast, 10/9/17)
“On the Hill, however, Democrats were acutely aware of Miller’s presence and thought of it as an ominous sign. They just didn’t think that Miller had rank over the other Trump White House official with whom they were speaking. As one Democratic aide told The Daily Beast, both Schumer and Pelosi had been in touch with chief of staff John Kelly several times since the DACA-deal dinner. “Schumer also spoke to the president about it once urging him to move forward with the negotiations,” the aide said.”
Did the White House just blow up immigration negotiations? (Vox, 10/10/17)
“There is no single “Trump administration” — the president encourages factionalism and rivalry, and is famously likely to agree with whomever he talked to last.”
If Trump doesn’t deal on DACA, some Democrats threaten a government shutdown (Washington Post, 10/10/17) Pelosi cautioned against threats, but …
“Some members of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus signaled they would consider withholding support for must-pass spending bills in December unless the DACA recipients are granted legal status with a path to citizenship. In recent years, near-unanimous support from Democrats has been needed to pass government spending bills and legislation to raise the government’s borrowing limit amid opposition from dozens of fiscal conservatives who are against increased spending without subsequent budget cuts.”
What Trump’s Proposed Changes Mean for Family-Based Immigration (NPR, 10/9/17) The changes would mean most family members – think aging parents or adult children – would never be able to come to the United States.
Kids of skilled immigrants from India may be forced to leave US (Columbus Dispatch, 10/8/17)
“Not covered by the proposed DREAM Act, not eligible for Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, these children are unlike any other class of immigrants and probably have no chance to stay in the country as adults unless the federal government clears a decades-long backlog of applications.
“Nicknamed “H-4 Dreamers,” the children were brought to America from India with their parents on H-4, or dependent, visas. Until they turn 21, their status is the same as that of their parents, so if their parents become citizens, they do as well.
“That’s usually not a problem, unless the family is from India, where there’s a 70-year wait for immigrant visa status because of a large number of qualified applicants.”
White House to Congress: we’ll legalize DACA recipients if you crack down on most other immigrants (Vox, 10/8/17) Legalize – but not allow a path to citizenship, though most Democrats and many Republicans in Congress want a path to citizenship.
“The whole proposal is a total 180 from the “deal” that Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer and House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi declared they had struck with Trump after a meeting three weeks ago, in which Trump allegedly agreed to sign a bill that legalized DREAMers in response for some undefined demands on border security. The White House has maintained that Trump agreed to no such deal, but the episode (and Trump’s tweets promising to help DREAMers) made it seem that the president was willing to sign a bill that offered citizenship to DACA recipients without asking too much in exchange.”
Why the White House Doubled Down on DACA (The New Yorker, 10/9/17)
“A deal on daca recipients should be less complicated. Rather than negotiating the fate of eleven million people whose legal status would be changed by legislation, Congress is now discussing the future of fewer than a million people who already have “lawful status,” which needs only to be formalized and extended. Still, it’s much easier to sink a deal on the Dreamers than to broker one. And defeating daca would serve a larger purpose for Stephen Miller and his allies at the White House, who are making a simple calculation that the mainstream no longer matters.”
And in other news
Haiti requests 18-month TPS extension from Trump administration (Miami Herald, 10/9/17)
“The detrimental impacts of the recent hurricanes have complicated our ability to recover from the 2010 earthquake,” [Haitian Ambassador Paul Altidor] said. “Cholera and Hurricane Matthew…have exacerbated the situation on the ground, resulting in major disruptions of living conditions in the short term.”
Opinion: This is how an immigrant can enter Trump’s America (The Hill, 10/9/17) Immigration lawyer warns that every immigrant is at risk:
“Remember, when you are entering the United States, you are going through a process called inspection. This is one of those times when the legal term actually means what it sounds like: They are going to inspect you. Your words, your demeanor, your luggage, your clothing, your jewelry, your shoes, your odor…everything. But with the right planning, you can reduce chances of something bad happening after a long flight.”
Why American needs foreign medical graduates (New York Times, 10/6/17)
“The American system relies to a surprising extent on foreign medical graduates, most of whom are citizens of other countries when they arrive. By any objective standard, the United States trains far too few physicians to care for all the patients who need them. We rank toward the bottom of developed nations with respect to medical graduates per population….
“About a quarter of all doctors in the United States are foreign medical graduates.”